UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549


FORM 6-K


REPORT OF FOREIGN ISSUER

PURSUANT TO RULE 13a-16 OR 15d-16

OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the month of November 2022

(Commission File No. 001-40241)


LAVA Therapeutics N.V.

(Translation of registrant’s name into English)


Yalelaan 60

3584 CM Ultrecht, The Netherlands

(Address of principal executive offices)


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant files or will file annual reports under cover Form 20-F or Form 40-F.

Form 20-F   Form 40-F  

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 101 (b) (1):

    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 101 (b) (7):

    Yes      No  


LAVA Therapeutics, N.V.

Exhibits 99.1 and 99.2 to this Report on Form 6-K shall be deemed to be incorporated by reference into the registration statement on Form S-8 (File no. 333-256655) and registration statement on Form F-3 (File no. 333-264246) of LAVA Therapeutics N.V. (including any prospectuses forming a part of such registration statements) and to be a part thereof from the date on which this report is filed, to the extent not superseded by documents or reports subsequently filed or furnished.

Exhibit 99.3 to this Report on Form 6-K is being furnished and shall not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (Exchange Act), or otherwise subject to the liabilities of that section, nor shall it be deemed incorporated by reference in any filing under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Exchange Act.

RISK FACTORS

Our business faces significant risks. You should carefully consider all of the information set forth in this report and in our other filings with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC. Our business, financial condition, results of operations and growth prospects could be materially adversely affected by any of these risks. This report also contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Our results could materially differ from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements, as a result of certain factors including the risks described in our other SEC filings.

EXHIBIT LIST

Exhibit

    

Description

99.1

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Interim Financial Statements as of and for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2022 and 2021

99.2

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations as of and for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2022 and 2021

99.3

Press Release dated November 15, 2022


SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereto duly authorized.

LAVA Therapeutics, N.V.

(Registrant)

Date: November 16, 2022

By:

/s/ Fred Powell

Fred Powell

Chief Financial Officer


Table of Contents

Exhibit 99.1

LAVA THERAPEUTICS N.V.

INDEX TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED INTERIM FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Page

Condensed Consolidated Interim Statements of Profit and Loss and Comprehensive Profit and Loss (unaudited)

2

Condensed Consolidated Interim Statements of Financial Position (unaudited)

3

Condensed Consolidated Interim Statements of Changes in Equity (unaudited)

4

Condensed Consolidated Interim Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited)

6

Notes to the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Interim Financial Statements

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LAVA Therapeutics N.V.

Condensed Consolidated Interim Statements of Profit and Loss

and Comprehensive Profit and Loss

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts) (unaudited)

    

    

    

Three Months Ended

    

Nine Months Ended

September 30, 

September 30, 

    

Notes

    

2022

    

2021

    

2022

    

2021

Revenue:

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Research and license revenue

 

6

$

15,261

$

2,095

$

16,751

$

4,284

Total revenue

 

  

 

15,261

 

2,095

 

16,751

 

4,284

Operating expenses:

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Research and development

 

7

 

(13,675)

 

(6,703)

 

(29,619)

 

(30,311)

General and administrative

 

8

 

(3,096)

 

(3,760)

 

(10,410)

 

(8,250)

Total operating expenses

 

  

 

(16,771)

 

(10,463)

 

(40,029)

 

(38,561)

Operating profit (loss)

 

  

 

(1,510)

 

(8,368)

 

(23,278)

 

(34,277)

Interest income (expense), net

 

 

39

 

(158)

 

(214)

 

(474)

Foreign currency exchange gain, net

 

 

2,515

 

1,637

 

6,763

 

715

Total non-operating income

 

  

 

2,554

 

1,479

 

6,549

 

241

Profit (loss) before income tax

 

  

 

1,044

 

(6,889)

 

(16,729)

 

(34,036)

Income tax expense

 

 

(47)

 

(44)

 

(182)

 

(100)

Profit (loss) for the year

 

  

$

997

$

(6,933)

$

(16,911)

$

(34,136)

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

  

 

(5,359)

 

(3,317)

 

(14,220)

 

(2,748)

Total comprehensive profit (loss)

 

  

$

(4,362)

$

(10,250)

$

(31,131)

$

(36,884)

Profit (Loss) per share:

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Profit (loss) per share, basic

$

0.04

$

(0.27)

$

(0.66)

$

(1.93)

Weighted-average common shares outstanding, basic

 

25,845,802

 

25,775,538

 

25,800,973

 

17,730,337

Profit (loss) per share, diluted

$

0.04

(0.27)

(0.66)

(1.93)

Weighted-average common shares outstanding, diluted

26,446,259

25,775,538

 

25,800,973

 

17,730,337

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements.

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LAVA Therapeutics N.V.

Condensed Consolidated Interim Statements of Financial Position

(in thousands) (unaudited)

September 30, 

December 31, 

    

Notes

    

2022

    

2021

Assets

 

  

 

  

 

  

Non-current assets:

 

  

 

  

 

  

Property and equipment, net

 

$

1,252

$

1,445

Right-of-use assets

 

 

326

 

501

Other non-current assets and security deposits

 

  

 

711

 

796

Total non-current assets

 

  

 

2,289

 

2,742

Current assets:

 

  

 

  

 

  

Receivables and other

 

  

 

50,590

 

363

Contract assets

2,212

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

1,611

 

2,568

Deferred financing costs

 

  

 

246

 

VAT receivable

 

 

217

 

371

Investments

10

28,392

42,334

Cash and cash equivalents

 

 

64,332

 

90,869

Total current assets

 

  

 

147,600

 

136,505

Total assets

 

  

$

149,889

$

139,247

Equity and Liabilities

 

  

 

  

 

  

Equity:

 

  

 

  

 

  

Share capital

 

11

$

3,715

$

3,653

Equity-settled employee benefits reserve

 

  

 

8,426

 

5,219

Foreign currency translation reserve

 

  

 

(20,444)

 

(6,223)

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

194,424

 

192,270

Accumulated deficit

 

  

 

(93,463)

 

(76,552)

Total equity

 

  

 

92,658

 

118,367

Non-current liabilities:

 

  

 

  

 

  

Deferred revenue

 

6

 

35,000

 

Lease liabilities

 

 

199

 

320

License liabilities

 

5

 

 

5,028

Borrowings

 

 

4,173

 

4,284

Total non-current liabilities

 

  

 

39,372

 

9,632

Current liabilities:

 

  

 

  

 

  

Trade payables and other

 

 

7,799

 

2,553

Lease liabilities

 

 

261

 

261

License liabilities

 

5

 

4,355

 

5,028

Deferred revenue

 

6

 

 

1,527

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

 

 

5,444

 

1,879

Total current liabilities

 

  

 

17,859

 

11,248

Total liabilities

 

  

 

57,231

 

20,880

Total equity and liabilities

 

  

$

149,889

$

139,247

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements.

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LAVA Therapeutics N.V.

Condensed Consolidated Interim Statements of Changes in Equity

(in thousands, except share amounts) (unaudited)

Equity-

settled

Foreign

employee

currency

Common

Share

benefits

translation

Accumulated

   

Note

   

shares

   

capital

   

reserves

   

reserve

   

APIC

   

deficit

   

Total

Balance at June 30, 2022

 

  

 

25,797,735

$

3,656

$

7,645

$

(15,085)

$

192,282

$

(94,460)

$

94,038

Profit for the period

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

997

 

997

Issuance of Vumc common stock

491,352

59

2,142

2,201

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

  

 

 

 

 

(5,359)

 

 

 

(5,359)

Share-based compensation expense

 

9

 

 

 

781

 

 

 

 

781

Balance at September 30, 2022

 

  

 

26,289,087

$

3,715

$

8,426

$

(20,444)

$

194,424

$

(93,463)

$

92,658

Equity-

settled

Foreign

employee

currency

Common

Share

benefits

translation

Accumulated

   

Note

   

shares

   

capital

   

reserves

   

reserve

   

APIC

   

deficit

   

Total

Balance at January 1, 2022

 

  

 

25,775,538

 

$

3,653

$

5,219

 

$

(6,223)

$

192,270

$

(76,552)

$

118,367

Loss for the period

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

(16,911)

 

(16,911)

Option exercises

22,197

3

12

15

Issuance of Vumc common stock

491,352

59

2,142

2,201

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

  

 

(14,221)

 

(14,221)

Share-based compensation expense

 

9

 

3,207

 

3,207

Balance at September 30, 2022

 

  

 

26,289,087

$

3,715

$

8,426

$

(20,444)

$

194,424

$

(93,463)

$

92,658

    

Equity-

settled

Foreign

employee

currency

Common

Share

benefits

translation

Accumulated

   

Note

   

shares

   

capital

   

reserves

   

reserve

   

APIC

   

deficit

   

Total

Balance at June 30, 2021

 

  

 

25,775,538

 

$

3,653

$

2,587

 

$

(13)

 

$

192,270

$

(61,009)

$

137,489

Loss for the period

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

(6,933)

 

(6,933)

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

 

 

 

(3,316)

 

 

 

(3,316)

Share-based compensation expense

9

 

 

 

1,263

 

 

 

 

1,263

Balance at September 30, 2021

 

  

 

25,775,538

 

$

3,653

$

3,850

 

$

(3,329)

 

$

192,270

$

(67,942)

$

128,503

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Equity-

   

   

   

   

Preference

settled

Foreign

Series A

Series B

Series C

employee

currency

Series A

Share

Series B

Share

Series C

Share 

Common

Share

benefits

translation

Accumulated

Note

shares

premium

shares

premium

shares

premium

shares

capital

reserves

reserve

APIC

deficit

Total

Balance at January 1, 2021

 

  

 

1,037,595

 

$

722

 

3,899,766

 

$

18,340

 

4,133,805

 

$

22,026

 

281,775

$

$

922

$

(582)

$

$

(33,807)

$

7,621

Loss for the period

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(34,136)

 

(34,136)

Share split

(143)

(536)

(589)

1,308

(40)

Issuance of Series C preferred shares, net

 

 

 

 

9,945,221

 

60,373

 

 

1,425

 

 

 

 

 

61,798

Repurchase of Series A and common shares

(718,250)

 

(400)

 

 

 

 

 

(165,750)

 

(122)

 

 

 

(4,760)

 

 

(5,282)

Conversion of Preference shares

(319,345)

(179)

(3,899,766)

(17,804)

(14,079,026)

(81,810)

18,298,137

99,793

Issuance of common stock in initial public offering, net

6,700,000

947

87,779

88,726

Issuance of Greenshoe common stock

425,712

61

5,877

5,939

Issuance of VUmc common stock

235,664

34

3,621

3,656

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2,747)

 

 

 

(2,747)

Share-based compensation expense

9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,928

 

 

 

 

2,928

Balance at September 30, 2021

 

  

 

$

 

$

 

 

$

 

25,775,538

 

$

3,653

$

3,850

 

$

(3,329)

 

$

192,270

$

(67,943)

$

128,503

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements.

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LAVA Therapeutics N.V.

Condensed Consolidated Interim Statements of Cash Flows

(in thousands) (unaudited)

Nine Months Ended September 30, 

    

Notes

    

2022

    

2021

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

  

 

  

 

  

Loss before income tax

 

  

$

(16,729)

$

(34,036)

Adjusted for:

 

  

 

  

 

Depreciation and amortization of non-current assets

 

  

 

315

 

235

Foreign currency exchange (gain), net

 

  

 

(6,763)

 

(715)

Amortization of right-of-use assets

 

 

195

 

179

Share-based compensation expense

 

9

 

3,207

 

2,930

Income tax expense

 

  

 

(181)

 

(99)

Amortization of premium on investments

135

184

Changes in working capital:

 

  

 

  

 

Receivables and other

 

 

(50,227)

 

(262)

VAT receivable

 

  

 

154

 

29

Contract assets

(2,212)

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

 

1,042

 

(4,557)

Trade accounts payable and other

 

 

5,107

 

975

Deferred offering & financing costs

(106)

1,623

Deferred revenue

 

6

 

33,510

 

(3,288)

License liabilities

 

  

 

(2,828)

 

13,949

Other liabilities

 

 

3,689

 

1,640

Net cash used in operating activities

 

  

 

(31,692)

 

(21,213)

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

  

 

  

 

  

Purchases of property and equipment

 

 

(322)

 

(596)

Purchases of investments

 

(46,548)

 

(42,128)

Maturities of investments

 

  

 

60,355

 

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

 

  

 

13,485

 

(42,724)

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

  

 

  

 

  

Proceeds from option exercises

15

Proceeds from common shares from initial public offering, net

 

14

 

 

94,189

Proceeds from Series C financing, net

 

  

 

 

61,798

Payment of Series A preferred and common shares repurchased

 

  

 

 

(5,167)

Proceeds from borrowings

 

 

509

 

699

Payment of principal portion of lease liabilities

 

  

 

(225)

 

(197)

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

  

 

299

151,321

Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

 

  

 

(17,908)

 

87,384

Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of period

 

90,869

15,818

Effects of exchange rate changes

 

  

 

(8,629)

 

(2,836)

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

 

$

64,332

$

100,366

Supplemental schedule of noncash operating and financing activities:

 

  

 

 

  

Issuance of 491,352 common shares to VUmc in lieu of payment for license liabilities

$

2,201

$

Issuance of 235,664 common shares to VUmc in lieu of payment for license liabilities

$

$

3,569

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements.

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LAVA Therapeutics N.V.

Notes to the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Interim Financial Statements

Note 1—General Information

LAVA Therapeutics N.V., together with its subsidiary, is a clinical-stage immuno-oncology company utilizing its proprietary Gammabody™ platform to develop a portfolio of bispecific gamma delta T cell engagers for the potential treatment of solid tumors and hematological malignancies. The company’s innovative approach utilizes bispecific antibodies engineered to selectively kill cancer cells via the triggering of Vγ9Vδ2 T cell antitumor effector functions upon cross-linking to tumor-associated antigens. LAVA Therapeutics N.V. was incorporated in 2016 and is headquartered in Utrecht, the Netherlands. Unless the context otherwise requires, references to the “Company,” “we,” “us” and “our” refer to LAVA Therapeutics N.V. and its subsidiary.

In connection with becoming a public company, on March 29, 2021, the Company changed its name from “LAVA Therapeutics, B.V.” to “LAVA Therapeutics N.V.” The address of the Company’s registered office is Yalelaan 60, 3584 CM Utrecht, the Netherlands. The Company’s common shares are listed for trading under the symbol “LVTX” on The Nasdaq Global Select Market.

The Audit Committee of the Company’s Board of Directors approved these unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements on November 14, 2022.

Note 2—Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of preparation

The unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements of the Company are prepared in accordance with International Accounting Standard 34, “Interim Financial Reporting” as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board. Certain information and disclosures normally included in the consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) have been condensed or omitted. Accordingly, these unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s annual consolidated financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020 and accompanying notes, which have been prepared in accordance with IFRS as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board.

The accounting policies applied are consistent with those of the previous financial year. A description of our accounting policies is provided in the Accounting Policies section of the audited consolidated financial statements as of, and for the years ended, December 31, 2021 and 2020.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with IFRS requires the use of certain critical accounting estimates and requires management to exercise its judgment in the process of applying the Company’s accounting policies. The areas involving a higher degree of judgment or complexity, or areas where assumptions and estimates are significant to the unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements are disclosed in Note 3. The interim financial data as of September 30, 2022 and for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021 are unaudited. In the opinion of management, the interim financial data includes all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, necessary to a fair statement of the results for the interim periods.

License Revenue

We may enter into collaboration and licensing arrangements for research and development, manufacturing, and commercialization activities with counterparties for the development and commercialization of our product candidates. These arrangements may contain multiple components, such as (i) licenses, (ii) research and development activities, and (iii) the manufacturing of certain material. Payments

7


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pursuant to these arrangements may include non-refundable and refundable payments, payments upon the achievement of significant regulatory, development and commercial milestones, sales of product at certain agreed-upon amounts, and royalties on product sales.

In determining the appropriate amount of revenue to be recognized as we fulfill our obligations under a collaboration agreement, we perform the following steps: (i) identification of the promised goods or services in the contract; (ii) determination of whether the promised goods or services are performance obligations, including whether they are capable of being distinct; (iii) measurement of the transaction price, including the constraint on variable consideration; (iv) allocation of the transaction price to the performance obligations; and (v) recognition of revenue as we satisfy each performance obligation.

We must develop estimates and assumptions that require judgment to determine the underlying stand-alone selling price for each performance obligation, which determines how the transaction price is allocated among the performance obligations. The estimation of the stand-alone selling price may include such estimates as forecasted revenues and costs, development timelines, discount rates and probabilities of regulatory and commercial success. We also apply significant judgment when evaluating whether contractual obligations represent distinct performance obligations, allocating transaction price to performance obligations within a contract, determining when performance obligations have been met, assessing the recognition and future reversal of variable consideration and determining and applying appropriate methods of measuring progress for performance obligations satisfied over time.

Revision of immaterial misstatements

During the period ended June 30, 2022, the Company identified misstatements in its historical accounting for foreign currency translations in the consolidated financial statements for certain prior periods. Management evaluated the misstatements and concluded that they were immaterial, either individually or in the aggregate, to its current or previously issued consolidated financial statements. As a result, certain comparative amounts in the consolidated statements of profit and loss and comprehensive profit and loss, financial position, changes in equity and cash flows have been revised to correct for such immaterial misstatements with respect to foreign currency translations. Such revisions and their impact are disclosed more fully in Note 11, “Revision of Immaterial Misstatements.”

Going concern

These condensed consolidated interim financial statements have been prepared by management on the assumption that the Company will be able to continue as a going concern, which presumes that the Company will, for at least the next 12 months, be able to realize its assets and discharge its liabilities in the normal course of business.

Through September 30, 2022, the Company has funded its operations with proceeds from sales of equity, collaboration and licensing agreements, government grants and borrowings under various agreements. Since its inception, the Company has incurred recurring net losses. The Dutch Research and Development Act (WBSO) provides compensation for a part of research and development wages and other costs through a reduction in payroll taxes. WBSO grant amounts are offset against wages and salaries and included in research and development expenses in the condensed consolidated interim statements of profit and loss and comprehensive profit and loss.

As of September 30, 2022, the Company had an accumulated deficit of $93.5 million. The Company expects to continue to generate operating losses in the foreseeable future. The Company expects that its cash, cash equivalents and investments of $92.7 million as of September 30, 2022 will be sufficient to fund its operating expenses and capital expenditure requirements for at least 12 months following the issuance of these financial statements. Accordingly, the condensed consolidated interim financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis.

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Until we can generate sufficient product revenue to finance our cash requirements, which we may never do, we expect to finance our future cash needs through a combination of public or private equity offerings, debt financings, collaborations, strategic alliances, licensing arrangements and other marketing or distribution arrangements. Disruptions in the financial markets in general may make equity and debt financing more difficult to obtain and may have a material adverse effect on our ability to meet our fundraising needs. If we are unable to obtain sufficient funding in a timely manner or on commercially acceptable terms, we may have to delay, reduce the scope of, or eliminate one or more of our operating activities, and consider other cost reduction initiatives, such as downsizing our operations or withholding initiation or expansion of clinical trials or research. In addition, in the event we are not able to generate sufficient funds, we may be unable to continue as a going concern and our business, financial condition and/or results of operations could be materially and adversely affected and could reduce the price of our common shares and we may ultimately go into insolvency. In addition, any perceived or actual inability by us to finance our clinical development activities and other business activities may cause the market price of our common shares to decline.

COVID-19

In March 2020, the COVID-19 virus caused a worldwide pandemic. Although the pandemic has impacted the timing of onboarding investigational sites and enrolling patients in our ongoing Phase 1/2a clinical trial for LAVA-051 and LAVA-1207, to date we have not experienced any material business disruption or impact to our condensed consolidated interim financial statements as a result of the pandemic.

As our financial condition and results of operations are most affected by our capital resources, continued research and development expenses and general and administrative expenses, the following may have an impact in the future:

availability of supplies and equipment for our laboratories;
availability of staff;
start dates and recruitment in our clinical trials due to risks of opening and available resources at clinical sites;
availability of study drug; and
fundraising and access to the capital markets.

Management will continue to closely monitor the impacts of the pandemic and, to its best ability, focus on implementing mitigating measures and contingency plans to limit and prevent any potential impact on our business operations as much as possible.

Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents in the condensed consolidated interim statements of financial position are comprised of cash at banks and short-term deposits with a maturity of three months or less, which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value. Our cash and cash equivalents are held in multiple currencies, primarily in the Euro and United States (U.S.) dollar. Accordingly, our cash balances may be exposed to foreign currency exchange risk.

Our objective in managing our cash resources (cash, cash equivalents and investments) is to preserve principal, achieve liquidity requirements, safeguard funds and optimize investment performance. We maintain our cash resources in accordance with our investment policy, which defines allowable investments, specifies credit quality standards and is designed to limit our credit exposure to any single issuer. Cash and cash equivalents include deposits and money market funds. Permitted investments include United States (U.S.) Treasury bills and agency debt obligations, securities issued by public corporations and Dutch, European Union, and other municipal debt obligations. Our invested cash resources are deployed to achieve our operating objectives in furthering our programs. We are prohibited from borrowing for investment purposes and from engaging in any non-business-related investment activity that would be considered speculative according to the principles of conservative investment management.

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For the purposes of the condensed consolidated interim statements of cash flows, cash and cash equivalents consist of cash and short-term deposits, as defined above, net of outstanding bank overdrafts.

Investments

As of September 30, 2022, we have determined that we have the intent and ability to hold all investments in debt securities until maturity. Accordingly, all investments are recorded at amortized cost on our condensed consolidated interim statements of financial position, with the amortization of bond premiums or discounts and earned interest income recorded in our condensed consolidated interim statements of profit and loss.

Financial instruments

(i)Financial assets

The Company’s financial assets are comprised of cash and cash equivalents, investments, trade and other receivables, security deposits and other current and non-current assets. All financial assets are recognized initially at fair value plus transaction costs that are attributable to the acquisition of the financial asset. Purchases and sales of financial assets are recognized on the settlement date; the date that the Company receives or delivers the asset. The Company classifies its financial assets primarily as cash and cash equivalents and receivables. Receivables are non-derivative financial assets, with fixed or determinable payments that are not quoted in an active market. They are included in current assets.

Financial assets are derecognized when the rights to receive cash flows from the asset have expired, or the Company has transferred its rights to receive cash flows from the asset or has assumed an obligation to pay the received cash flows in full.

(ii)Financial liabilities

The Company’s financial liabilities are comprised of trade and other payables, lease liabilities, and borrowings. All financial liabilities are recognized initially at fair value.

After initial recognition, borrowings are subsequently measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method, minus transaction costs that are directly attributable to the financial liability. The effective interest method amortization is included in finance costs in the condensed consolidated interim statements of profit and loss and other comprehensive profit and loss.

Payables and borrowings are classified as current liabilities unless the Company has an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least 12 months after the reporting date.

Financial liabilities are derecognized when the obligation under the liability is discharged, canceled, or expires.

(iii)Fair value measurements

The Company does not hold any financial assets and financial liabilities other than those measured at amortized cost. Management assessed that the carrying values of the Company’s financial assets and financial liabilities measured at amortized cost are a reasonable approximation of their fair values.

There were no new standards, interpretations, or amendments that became effective in the current reporting period which had an impact on the unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements.

Note 3—Significant Accounting Judgments, Estimates and Assumptions

In the application of our accounting policies, the Company is required to make judgments, estimates and assumptions about the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other

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sources. The estimates and associated assumptions are based on historical experience and other factors that are considered to be relevant. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

The estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Revisions to accounting estimates are recognized in the period in which the estimate is revised if the revision affects only that period, or in the period of the revision and future periods if the revision affects both current and future periods.

Critical judgments made in the process of applying our accounting policies which have the most significant effect on the amounts recognized in our unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements relate to revenue recognition, share-based payments, lease accounting, and to our research and license agreements.

The key sources of estimation uncertainty that have a significant risk of causing a material adjustment to the carrying amount of assets and liabilities within the next financial year, primarily relate to recognition of accruals for manufacturing and clinical trial activities. No significant adjustments to accruals have been recognized during the first nine months of 2022 or 2021, due to conditions that existed as of December 31, 2021 or 2020, respectively. Additionally, there have been no changes to the application of significant accounting estimates, and no impairment losses have been recognized during the first nine months of 2022 or 2021.

The unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements do not include all disclosures for critical accounting estimates and judgments that are required in the annual consolidated financial statements and should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements as of, and for the years ended, December 31, 2021 and 2020.

Note 4—Equity

On March 29, 2021, the Company completed an initial public offering (IPO) of common shares in the U.S. pursuant to its registration statement on Form F-1, as amended (File No. 333-253795). Pursuant to the registration statement, the Company issued and sold 6,700,000 shares of $0.14 par value common stock at a price of $15.00 per share. Net proceeds from the IPO were approximately $88.7 million after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions of $7.0 million and offering costs of $4.5 million.

On April 19, 2021, underwriters of the Company’s IPO consummated the exercise of their option to purchase 425,712 common shares from the Company at the price of $15.00 per share resulting in additional IPO proceeds to the Company of $5.9 million after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions of $0.4 million.

In March 2021, the Company also received $56.6 million in proceeds from the Series C financing, net of repurchasing Series A Preferred shares and common shares. Prior to the IPO in March 2021, all outstanding series of preferred shares were converted to common shares.

The share capital of LAVA Therapeutics N.V. consisted of 26,289,087 outstanding common shares at a nominal value of $0.14 per share as of September 30, 2022.

Note 5—License Liabilities

On February 25, 2021, the license and assignment agreement with Stichting VUmc (VUmc) was restated, due to the Company’s IPO which triggered a $11.9 million payment (VUmc payment). The VUmc payment was calculated as the following:

The Company shall issue common shares equal to $3.0 million divided by the IPO price and pay $0.2 million in cash, which was executed and paid in 2021; and

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On each of the first and second anniversary of the IPO, the Company shall pay $4.4 million. Such payment shall be made in cash or common shares, at the election of the Company, valued using the closing price of common shares on the date two trading days prior to the respective anniversary of the IPO.

The first of the $4.4 million payments became due to VUmc in March 2022 and was settled through the issuance of 491,352 shares of common stock and $2.2 million in cash in August 2022. The second VUmc IPO anniversary payment is classified as a current liability in the unaudited condensed consolidated interim statements of financial position as of September 30, 2022.

Note 6—Revenue

Seagen Agreement

In September 2022, the Company entered into an exclusive license agreement (Seagen Agreement) with Seagen Inc. (Seagen). Under the Seagen Agreement, we granted an exclusive, royalty-bearing license of our compound, LAVA-1223. As compensation for this license, Seagen agreed to pay to us a nonrefundable upfront payment of $50.0 million. We are also entitled to receive up to $650.0 million in sales and development milestone payments, reimbursement of up to $6.5 million for certain research, development and manufacturing activities and royalties ranging from the single digits to the mid-teens on future sales. We also have an option, after certain clinical data become available from Seagen, to pay a one-time buy-up fee of $35.0 million to increase the future royalty percentages under this agreement. If we exercise this option in the future, certain future milestones will be decreased by 30%.

In connection with the Seagen Agreement, we recognized $15.3 million in revenue for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022. Of that amount, $15.2 million related to the nonrefundable upfront payment and $0.1 million related to reimbursement for research activities. We determined that the one-time buy-up fee of $35.0 represents variable consideration, for which we have deferred revenue recognition until such time the option is exercised or expires. Accordingly, we established a receivable of $50.0 million and a deferred revenue liability of $35.0 million on our condensed consolidated interim statement of financial position as of September 30, 2022. The nonrefundable upfront payment was received in October 2022. We also established a contract asset of $2.2 million related to the initial drug supply of LAVA-1223 that is expected to be transferred to Seagen to fulfill their obligations under the Seagen Agreement.

Janssen Agreement

In May 2020, the Company entered into a research collaboration and license agreement (Janssen Agreement) with Janssen Biotech, Inc. (Janssen). As part of the Janssen Agreement, the Company received a non-refundable upfront payment of $8.0 million, which is being recognized on a straight-line basis over the two-year term of the research activities under the agreement. Revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021 were $0.0 million and $2.1 million, respectively. Revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021 were $1.5 million and $4.3 million, respectively. The revenues were related to the upfront payment and also included a $1.0 million research milestone during the three months ended September 30, 2021. The straight-line method of recognition materially approximates the cost to cost method of revenue recognition. As of September 30, 2022, we had no remaining unearned income related to this payment. Revenue for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 have been revised for certain immaterial misstatements relating to foreign currency translation. Further information regarding the misstatements and related revision is included in Note 11 - Revision of Immaterial Misstatements.

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Note 7—Research and Development Expenses

Research and development expenses were as follows:

Three Months Ended September 30, 

Nine Months Ended September 30, 

(in thousands)

    

2022

    

2021

    

2022

    

2021

  

Pre-clinical and clinical trial expenses

$

10,943

$

4,371

$

20,926

$

9,829

Personnel-related expenses

1,296

1,505

4,236

3,722

Research and development activities expenses

 

675

 

500

 

1,706

 

1,249

Share-based compensation expense

372

195

1,651

559

Facilities and other research and development expenses

 

389

 

132

 

1,100

 

610

VUmc license expenses

 

 

 

 

14,342

$

13,675

$

6,703

$

29,619

$

30,311

Note 8—General and Administrative Expenses

General and administrative expenses were as follows:

Three Months Ended September 30, 

Nine Months Ended September 30, 

(in thousands)

    

2022

    

2021

    

2022

    

2021

  

Personnel-related expenses

$

1,047

$

1,224

$

3,991

$

2,599

Professional and consultant fees

 

930

 

594

 

2,664

 

1,584

Insurance, facilities, fees and other related costs

 

711

 

874

 

2,199

 

1,698

Share-based compensation expense

408

1,068

1,556

2,369

$

3,096

$

3,760

$

10,410

$

8,250

Note 9—Share-based Awards

As of March 25, 2021, the 2018 Stock Option Plan and the 2020 U.S. Stock Option Plan ceased to have any future shares available, and the Company established the 2021 Long-Term Incentive Option Plan (the Plan) for all its employees, members of the Board of Directors and select external consultants.

Stock Options

There were 3,442,427 stock options outstanding as of September 30, 2022, at a weighted-average exercise price of $4.23 per share. During the nine months ended September 30, 2022, 488,458 options were granted to employees at a weighted-average exercise price of $5.15 per share. During the nine months ended September 30, 2022, 22,197 stock options were exercised and 514,467 stock options were forfeited at a weighted-average exercise price of $0.76 and $9.81 per share, respectively.

Total compensation cost recognized for all stock option awards was as follows:

Three Months Ended September 30, 

Nine Months Ended September 30, 

(in thousands)

    

2022

    

2021

    

2022

    

2021

Research and development

$

373

$

195

$

1,651

$

559

General and administrative

 

408

 

1,068